4000. Haynes 1894 Pioneer

4000. HAYNES 1894 PIONEER

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The 1894 Haynes “Pioneer” took itsfirst test run on July 4th, 1894. This replication iswhat a Haynes car would look like around 1894-1895, and it even ranin 1994 for to celebrate the “Pioneer’s” Centennial. ElwoodHaynes himself donated the original to the Smithsonian. Haynes wassaid to never make the same car twice, he was constantly improvingand evolving his ideas.

Elwood Haynes created the “Pioneer”with the use of bicycle and buggy technology from the time period.The wheels resemble a bicycle and the body of the automobilecoincides with that of a buggy. A tiller was used to steer the car.

Originally, Haynes wanted to use steampower to run his automobile, but decided that sitting next to aboiler was unsafe. He then moved on to electricity, and decided thatit was also unfeasible, making him turn to the gasoline-poweredengine. Haynes ordered a one-horsepower Marine upright, 2-cycle,gasoline engine from Sintz Gas Engine Company located in Grand RapidsMichigan. The engine weighed nearly one hundred eighty poundscausing Haynes to create a larger frame for his automobile than heoriginally envisioned. The top speed achieved by the 1894 Pioneer waseight to nine miles per hour. Nineteen years later his machines wouldrun thirty five to forty miles per hour.

Haynes drove this car so frequentlythat he put nearly one thousand miles on the car. It is said that hedrove it at night to keep from spooking the horses on the roads. Infact on one of his first drives he spooked a horse of a tomatofarmer, the horse ruined part of the farmers crop. Haynes stopped,and paid the farmer for the smashed tomatoes.

Haynes signed up for a Thanksgivingmotorcycle race in Chicago in 1895. The term automobile had not beencoined yet. The Times Herald put on the race, and only six carscompeted because many had been damaged due to the weather.